Digital Yard Logistics at Swiss Post

Success Story

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Die Schweizer Post setzt in ihrer Hoflogistik auf INFORMs YMS mit intelligenten Optimierungsalgorithmen, um die notwendige Effizienz in diesem hochkomplexen Prozess zu erreichen. Nacht für Nacht muss die Schweizerische Post in der Lage sein, bis zu einer halben Million Briefe und Pakete landesweit zu transportieren. Die Disponenten müssen mit Hunderten von Wechselbrücken gleichzeitig jonglieren, dafür sorgen, dass die Docks richtig zugeordnet sind und der Einsatz von Rangiereinheiten und schienengebundenen Portalkränen optimiert ist.

Effizienter und pünktlicher Paketversand

Die Schweizer Post AG (Swiss Post) ist ein staatlicher Logistikspezialist, der in mehr als einer Hinsicht eine Klasse für sich ist. Von Briefen und Paketen über den öffentlichen Personentransport bis hin zu Finanztransaktionen sorgen die 60.000 Mitarbeiter der Post dafür, dass alles zur richtigen Zeit am richtigen Ort ist. Zwischen 1997 und 1999 investierte das Unternehmen rund 500 Millionen CHF (471 Millionen EUR oder 537 Millionen USD) in das Projekt Paketpost 2000. Das Projekt umfasste den Bau von drei neuen, hochmodernen Paketzentren mit eigenem Gleisanschluss und schienengebundenen Portalkränen sowie den Aufbau eines Logistiknetzes aus Paketzentren und 66 Paketstandorten bis hin zum Zustellpunkt. Ziel war es, eine flächendeckende Versorgung mit Postdienstleistungen zum bestmöglichen Preis für den Endkunden sicherzustellen.

Dieser Artikel ist ausschließlich in englischer Sprache erhältlich.


This complex logistic system can operate at a maximum capacity of 135 million parcels per year. Night after night, Swiss Post must be in a position to transport as many as half a million letters and parcels around the country. Dispatchers have to juggle hundreds of swap bodies at the same time, ensuring that docks have been correctly assigned, and the use of shunting units and rail-mounted gantry cranes has been optimized. Otherwise, they run the risk of missing the sorting cut-off. Everything is planned down to last minute, ensuring that any change of plan goes straight to dispatch. After all, delays on the road or on the rails are par for the course in this business. Swiss Post relies on INFORM’s AI empowered Yard Management System (YMS) with smart optimization algorithms powering its yard logistics to achieve the necessary level of efficiency in this highly complex process. These systems record incoming and outgoing vehicles and recommend to the dispatcher which goods have to be moved to which dock and in what order, and how best to move swap bodies and semi-trailers. “In the 1990s, we had a flat system in place that was spread across the whole day,” says Stefan Luginbuhl, Head of Transport and Sorting at Swiss Post. The market has since changed. Now goods arrive at the centers in the evenings at such peak volumes that dispatch using conventional planning methods is simply impossible. “Our customers want to hand over their parcels as late as possible but still expect rapid, next-day delivery,” says Luginbuhl.

There have been three areas of radical change at Swiss Post over the past few years:

1. Fluctuating volumes: There are substantial variations in the volume of posts from day to day, and particularly from month to month. “We are running at double our normal capacity in June and July, and even in December,” says Luginbuhl. The logistics structure has been designed to take these variations into account.

2. Evening peak: The rise of e-commerce has also had a dramatic effect on processes at Swiss Post. “Customers order online, and retailers try to offer order cut-off times that are as late as possible,” says Luginbuhl. “But the goods still need to be delivered the next day.” As a result, peak times at Swiss Post are shifting to later and later in the day.

3. Customized orders: “People used to order goods by mail order or by phone and just hoped that the delivery would arrive in one day,” recalls Luginbuhl. “Now they place their orders and can also choose when, where, and how they want the goods to be delivered.” This trend toward customized deliveries complicates standardized logistics processes.

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